The Basics of INFP

Let’s begin with a few basic principles.

Each personality types has 4 components:

Source of Energy: Means of Renewing Our Emotional/Mental State

Perception: How We Perceive the World Around Us

Judgment: What Form of Judgment We Use for Decisions

Lifestyle: How We Strive to Structure Our Daily Lives

Each component has two different styles that fit the component. For instance, for Source of Energy, and person can either be more introverted or more extroverted. For Perception, a person can either prefer intuition or sensing.

Because each 4 components has 2 styles inside of each of them, there are 16 different ways to group the different styles and components. In other words, there 16 personality types.

INFP is one of those unique personality types.

(Disclosure: These descriptions don’t fully state the true “identity” of each component. So if you think you’re INFP and don’t relate to these descriptions, or if you aren’t INFP but you think you do relate, don’t worry. It is hard to fully describe one aspect of personality in just a few sentences, and not everyone is perfectly one type or another)


Source of Energy: 

Introversion: Individuals with introversion love being alone and reflecting on his or herself instead of on their surroundings or group. They can appear shy or quiet to other people. They need time away from external situations to recharge, spend such time by being alone or with a smaller number of people. Such individuals desire to know a select number of people well, instead of sharing a large number of relationships with others that aren’t as well-developed. They are sensitive to overwhelming external simulation such as loud noises, strong smells, bright lights, etc.


Intuition: These individuals look for and notice the hidden patterns in life. They focus on future possibilities instead of the here-and-now. They are imaginative and open-minded. They remember memories more as an impression of what happened, instead of specific sensory details. Such individuals look for the big pictures instead of the small details. They love doing new and different things, and they enjoy thinking and talking about abstract theories.


Feeling: Individuals with Feeling care about values and morals and use such values to make decisions. They consider situations from other peoples’ points of view and through what people care about. These people strive for harmony and peace, and care about what is best for others. These individuals can appear warm and caring, and they can be emotionally sensitive and expressive. They focus on empathy and aren’t as competitive as Thinking individuals. They try to make judgments based on others’ and their own values and feelings.


Perceiving:  Individuals with Perceiving prefer a more flexible and spontaneous lifestyle. They don’t care for too much structure, and they are fine with “winging-it” and improvising. They work during bursts of energy and inspiration. These people would rather be more open to new option in case plans don’t go well. They prefer living loose and casual.

Now onto cognitive functions.

Cognitive Functions are the different cognitive processes inside a personality type, essentially a richer, deeper form of personality.

These cognitive functions and what they do will be explained a later post.

INFP Cognitive “Stack”:

“Fi” (Introverted Feeling): As a Judging function, it interprets situations. The way it understands the situations around the individual is through the individual’s morals, feelings, and principles.

“Ne” (Extroverted Intuition): As a Perceiving function, it notices specific objects and things in the external world. The things it notices include seeing the hidden patterns around the individual in external world. “Ne” can also see several possibilities that could sprout from one situation.

“Si” (Introverted Sensing): As a Perceiving function, it notices specific objects and things in the internal world or the mind. As “Si” is interpreting the external situations outside the mind, “Si” is comparing and contrasting current events with previous ones and alerting the individual of changes and similarities.

“Te” (Extroverted Thinking): As a Judging function it interprets situations. “Te” strives and yearns for the organization of the external world around the individual. Planning, scheduling, organizing, and logical thinking are all aspects that “Te” is best at.

More on the different components of personality, cognitive functions, and the cognitive “stack” will be explained in later posts.

A full profile will also be created in a later post, for now, the basics of INFP have been covered.



“My True Type” by Dr. A. J. Drenth


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